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高考英语阅读与写作对With复合结构的运用能力考查分析_教育频道_

发布日期:2020-05-26 02:37   来源:未知   阅读:

“with 复合结构” 用法灵活、复杂,具备语言表达生动形象效应,理解其语法概念同时,出题人重在语境中考查其语用能力。具体而言,高考阅读理解、写作表达题时常考查特定语境中对这一语法结构的运用能力。能否理解此结构的句法功能?关乎句意精准解读与翻译。能否正确调拨运用此结构写作表情达意?关乎语言处理的表达质量。现结合高考阅读与写作题,探究分析此语法结构对运用能力的考查。

一、with复合结构各自形态的句法功能与高考阅读句意精准解读的运用能力

●形态:“with + n / pron + v-ing”

句中作伴随状语,说明情况,现在分词表主动或进行动作。

?With our food running out, we had to walk to a village for help.(高考阅读)

精准句意:在我们的食物快要用完的情况下,我们不得不向附近的村子求援。

?When mother went into the house, she found her baby was sleeping in bed, with his lips moving.(高考阅读)

精准句意:当妈妈走进房子的时候,她发现自己的孩子正睡在床上,嘴唇一直在动。

●形态:“with + n / pron +v-ed. ”

句中作原因状语,其中过去分词表示被动或完成动作。

He told me that I should have prepared your speech for the meeting . I know .But how I could with the meeting date fixed so soon .(高考阅读)

精准句意:因为会议日期确定的太快了,我还没有准备好。

With more and more forests damaged,some animals and plants are facing the danger of dying out .(高考阅读)

精准句意:由于越来越多的森林遭到破坏,一些动植物正面临着灭绝的危险。

Many large cities, such as Liverpool and New York , have had experiments of this kind, with old factories turned into successful art centers.(高考阅读)

精准句意:随着旧工厂被成功地改制为艺术中心,许多大城市(如利物浦和纽约)都做着这方面的尝试。

●形态with + n / pron + to do ”